History of the Toyota Truck in America


In a world where Jeeps and Jeep-inspired 4x4s seem to dominate the off-road scene, Toyota mini-trucks cannot be ignored. With a fan base as loyal as any vehicular fan base, the Toyota truck has been everywhere and done everything that more focused and less utilitarian vehicles have done. The reliability, efficiency, and simplicity of the Toyota trucks are undeniable, etching a permanent mark on the off-road world in the U.S. and globally. Since 1968, Toyota trucks have been sold in the U.S., and while the first several years—until 1979—were only available from Toyota as a 2WD truck several were converted to 4wd by enterprising owners. After 1979 and the introduction of the first factory 4×4 pickup in the U.S., nothing could stop the momentum that was the Toyota mini and later mid-sized 4×4 trucks.

The Toyota Stout 1964-1969

-First Toyota Truck sold in the US.
-Beam front axle
– 1.5L I-4 engine
-1.9 I-4 engine
-2.0L I-4 engine

Second Generation Toyota Pickup 1973-1978

Third Generation Toyota pickup 1979-1983

-First 2.4L 22R Engine
-First factory 4×4 as an option with a solid front drive axle and transfer case
-First factory automatic transmission

Fourth Generation Toyota pickup 1984-1988

-First Xtracab model
-First fuel injected 2.4L 22RE, and turbo, 22RTE
-First with factory V-6, the 3.0L 3VZ-E V6 in 1986
-First IFS with torsion bar 4WD truck in 1986 in North America

Fifth Generation Toyota pickup 1989- 1994.5

-New larger, 2.7 L 3RZ-FE I-4 engine also shared with the 4WD Tacoma
-Shared the new 3.4L L 5VZ-FE V-6 and supercharged 3.4L with the Tacoma

First Generation Tacoma 1994.5 -2004

-First Factory Rear differential locker with the TRD package
-Coil front IFS 4wd suspension
-First Crew Cab version in North America

First generation Tundra 2000-2006

-New 4.0 L 1GR-FE V-6 (also found in second gen Tacomas in 2005)
-New 4.7 L 2UZ-FE V-8

Second Generation Tacoma 2005-2015

-First factory 6-speed manual transmission
-First TRD Pro Tacoma

Second Generation Tundra 2007-present

-First 4.6 L 1UR-FE V-8
-First 5.7 L 3UR-FE V-8

Third generation Tacoma 2016-2020

-First 3.5 Liter 2GR-FKS V-6
-4WD TRDs came with all-new terrain select mode and CRAWL mode



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